Category: Participatory Culture

Apr04

Labors of Love and Why Fans Give to Crowdfunding Campaigns

In present day, fans are no different than they were in 1915 with the first fan club. Fans enjoy this participatory culture we now call fandom. Fans today have found a place to belong just as they did all those years ago. There is camaraderie and a sense of family within most fandoms, and they […]

Feb16

Crowdsourcing: A Brief History

As I mentioned in the introduction, in 2005 journalist Jeff Howe coined the phrase “crowdsourcing.” Howe, along with his editor from WIRED Magazine, Mark Robinson, realized that businesses were soliciting on the Internet and outsourcing work to different individuals. Howe and Robinson came to the conclusion that those businesses were outsourcing to the crowd online, […]

Feb09

Crowdfunding and Fandom: An Introduction Part II

In my research I have discovered that there are different models of crowdfunding. The platform wasn’t always called “crowdfunding.” In the early days (2005), it was called “crowdsourcing,” dully named by journalist Jeff Howe in an article he wrote for Wired Magazine (Wikipedia, 2015). The initial definition of crowdsourcing was “the process of obtaining needed […]

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